Sunday, December 7, 2014

Ramanath Temple - Boudh Town - Odisha

Ramanath Temples Complex:

Ramanath Temples Complex
A group of three temples of Shiva at Boudh town called the Ramanath temples, dating back to the 9th century A.D. are reputed for their special feature. The decorative motifs and the art of three temples at Boudh are certainly superior to and older than the great lingaraj-Ananta –Vasudeva group. One particular feature of the Ramanath temple is worth particular attention. Their plan is quite different from any other temples.


 In plan these temples are eight-rayed stars and the argha-pattas of the lingas are also similar.These magnificent temples built of red sandstone and profusely carved are stated to have been constructed in mid-ninth century A.D. The temples with rich texture and curved surfaces are strikingly noteworthy. Each of these temples stands by itself on a raised platform and each consists of a cell and an attached portico. The minute recesses and angularities produce a charming effect of light and shade and confer an appearance of greater height from the continued cluster of vertical lines than they really possess. Archeological Survey of India has preserved this temple. Paschim Somnath Temple, Kapileswar Temple and Bhubaneswar Temple are the 3 temple in Ramnath Temple Complex.

Bhubaneswar Temple:
Bhubaneswar Temple
It is located in Ramnath temple complex at Malipada in Boudh town. The ground plan of the temple is star-shaped or stellate, formed by intersecting two squares at 450 of the eight angles. One in chamfered, serves as the frontal passage while other seven angles are ornamentally carried along the structure up to the visama. It is a living temple; the presiding deity is a Sivalinga upon a star shaped yonipitha made of black chlorite. Sivaratri, Sitalsasthi, Kartikapurnima, Gamha purnima etc are held here. This temple is assigned to Somavanshi rule and to the period 9th century AD.


The temple structure is of Rekha vimana of South Kosalan style. The exterior is decorated with architectural motifs like – khakharamundis, divine figures like Ganesa and Jaina Tirthankaras, semi-divine figures, nayikas in different moods, image of Linga puja, human figures both male and female; bharabahaka, decorative motifs like scroll work, beaded border, lattice pattern, padmaprosta motifs, mohanty design, vajramundi, animals, mithuna and maithuna etc. Loose sculpture like Nataraj, Ganesa, Brahma, Udyota Simha etc are found there too.

Paschima Somanatha Temple:
Paschima Somanath Temple
 Another shiva temple in Ramnath temple complex. The structure is Rekha temple, with stellate ground plan and elevation, is one of the best specimen of mature phase of South Kosalan architecture of the stellate order. What is significant in the temple is that the temple long with its pista and yonipitha is stellate in delineation, the only of its kind found in the whole of Eastern India. It is a living temple and the presiding deity is a Sivalinga over a stellate yonipitha made of chlorite stone. Sivaratri, Kartika Purnima, etc are observed here. This temple is assigned to Somavanshi rule and to the 9th century AD. The exterior wall of the temple is relieved with nayikas, tirthankara images, scroll work, khakharamundis and a number of divine and semi divine gods and goddesses.

Kapileswara Temple:
Kapileswar Temple
 One of 3 Shiva Temple in the Ramanath temple complex in Boudh town. The ground plan of the temple is star-shaped or stellate, formed by intersecting two squares at 450 of the eight angles; one in Chamfered serves as the frontal passage while other seven angles are ornamentally carried along the structure up to the visama. It is a living temple, the presiding deity is a Sivalinga within a star shaped yonipitha made of black chlorite.


Sivaratri, Sitalsasthi, Kartika Purnima, Gamha Purnima, etc are held here. Marriage, engagements etc too performed here. On the basis of architectural & sculptural embellishments, the temple can be assigned to the 9th century A.D and to Somavanshi rule. The exterior is decorated with architectural motifs like – pidhamundi with chaitya motifs, divine figures, semi–divine figures, nayikas in different moods, human figures both male and female; decorative motifs like – scroll work, beaded border, lattice pattern, padmaprosta motif, jagrata motifs etc and the mithuna & maithuna figures. Nataraj, Ganesa, Brahma, Udyotasimha etc sculptures are found in the temple. Temple structure is of Rekha vimana of South Kosalan style.

Ramanatha Temple: 

Ramanath Temple
The Ramanatha Temple complex is named after this temple’s name. It was abandoned after construction up to the jangha due to the demise of the chief. The temple was curious mixture of ancient Kalingan style and colonial style. The temple has intricate carvings of decorative motifs of unusual type, sharing tendency of modernity. There is a New Ramanatha Temple Made in year 1952.


Ramanatha Shiva Linga
Nabagraha Idols