Sunday, December 7, 2014

Jhadeswar Baba Temple - Deogarh - Debagarh - Odisha

Jhadeswar Temple:

Jhadeswar Baba Temple
This Ancient Temple is situated right side of Deogarh to Realmal Road, just before gohira ghati. It is 4kms from Deogarh Town. 

Entrance Gate of Jhadeswar Baba Temple
This temple is built in 18th century under the patronage of local king. It is a famous shiva temple of the region where devotees across Orissa and Chhattisgarh visit regularly to have the blessing of lord Shiva. 

Nandi at Jhadeswar Baba Temple
 The Jhadeswar temple area has important significance in the history of Deogarh. The temple attracts many tourists during festival times and special days like Shivaratri and Sharavana Month when devotees flock to get a special darshan of Lord Shiva in all his glory. 

Shiva Linga of Jhadeswar Temple
 Because of easy accessibility, it attracts a lot of visitors.

Chari Sambhu Temple - Gandharadi Temple - Junapanka - Jagati - Boudh District - Odisha

Chari Sambhu Temple:

Chari Sambhu Temple
Chari Sambhu Temple or Gandharadi Temple is situated at a distance  of 16 Km. from Boudh Near the village at Gandhradi in Jagati. 

Entrance Gate of Chari Sambhu Temple
 The famous twin temples of Nilamadhava and Sidheswar is situated here. One of the rarest to find, twin temples dedicated to Hari and Hara, two different cults of Visnu and Shiva is established on one single platform here at Gandharadi near Boudh town. 

Nilamadhava Temple
 This is a perfect example of the synchronization of the two cults. These temples were constructed under the patronage of the Bhanja rulers of Khinjali mandala in 9th century A.D. These two temples were built on one platform which are exactly similar to each other. 

Sidheswar Temple
 The one on the left hand is dedicated to Siva named Siddheswar and its sikhara  is surmounted by a Shivalinga.The second is dedicated to Vishnu ,named Nilamadhava  and its sikhara is surmounted by a wheel of blue chlorite. 

 The principle of construction of the Jagamohanas at gandharadi is slightly different than that of other temples. Their roofs are built on the cantilever principle and originally it appears to have been supported on twelve large pillars arranged as a hollow square. 

Thus each side had four pillars of which the  central ones flanked an opening. Originally these two Jagamohanas appear to have been open on all sides; but later on the lintels on all sides appear to have given away and then it became necessary to fill in the gaps between pillars with the exception of the four openings with ashlar masonry.  

At the same time the side openings   were filled up with a jali or lattice of blue chlorite towards the bottom and a frieze of four miniature temple sikharas  over it. This arrangement is not followed in later temples where the ingress of light into jagamohana is through four or five stone pillars in the opening used as window bars. 

God Nilamadhava
 The style of ornamentation in the jagamohans of the Gandharadi temples is altogether different. Even stylized chaitya-windows are rarely to be seen at Gandharadi except at the bases of the pilasters of the vimana . the ornamentation on these two jagamohans is very simple and much less overcrowded . 

Siddheswar Shiva Linga
 The importance of the Gandharadi temples lies in the fact that they provide a link  and that a very important one, in the chain of the evolution ,in the chain of the evolution of the mediaeval Orissan temple type. The Gandharadi temple is also locally known as ‘Chari Sambhu Mandira ‘ ( the temple of four Sambhus or Siva lingas). In the Siva temple Siddheswar is the presiding deity. In the Jagamohan  ,to the left of the door  leading to the sanctum is the siva Linga called Jogeswar and to the right of the door is the linga called Kapileswar. At a little distance from Siddheswar standsa the temples of Paschima  Somanath ( Siva), the door of the temple opening to the west. Some images of considerably antiquity are found worshipped in shrines nearby. Notable among them are the images of Ganesh in the temple of Paschima somanath and a beautiful  image of eight armed Durga worshipped under a banyan tree,the later image being badly eroded due to the vagaries of weather. These images probably once adorned the siddheswar temple .Portions of beautifully carved door steps in black chlorite and other decorative motifs have been  unearthed. In the vicinity of the temple. A five feet (1.52 meters) high Hanuman image of good workmanship is being worshipped near the village Jagati and a beautiful carved Nabagraha slab is lying in the cornfield. Archeological Survey of India has preserved this place. . The exterior of the temple is decorated with scroll work, latticed window and architectural motifs like elongated khakharamundis, naga-nagi pilasters, chaitya medallions etc. Rekha vimana and a flat-roofed jagamohana with clear-storey of early Kalingan order. On the basis of architectural features, i.e. the presence of a flat roofed rectangular jagamohana in front of the vimana, the temple can be assigned to the formative phase of the temple art of Orissa. Features like pista, four fold mouldings of the pabhaga, pilaster with ascending naga-nagi, use of chlorite stone in latticed window, use of akasachakra on the top of the khapuri presiding deities and stylistic features present in the temple assign the date to the later part of the transitional phase i.e. 9th century A.D.

How To Reach:

One can approach the site by a motorable road branching from Junapanka chowk on Sonepur – Boudh Road (N.H.224). It is about 3 kms from Junapanka.

Buddha Statue - Boudh Town - Odisha

Buddha Statue:

Buddha Statue (Bhumisparsa Mudra)
3 remarkable Buddhist statues are found in Boudh are indicative of the fact that it was once a center of Buddhist culture.  One of the statue is present in Boudh town. 

Buddha Park
 The total height of this image is 6ft. 9 inches of which the seated figure measures 4 ft. 3 inches in height and 3 ft. 10 inches from knee to knee. It is seated in the Bhumisparsa Mudra  on a lotus throne 1 ft. 2 inches in height placed on a pedestal 11 inches in height and 4 ft. 6 inches in breadth.

The whole image is built up in sections with carved stones. The only attendant figures are two Gandharvas flying with garlands in their hands on the sides of the head. On the whole this colossus of Boudh compares favourably  with similar colossi at Udayagiri and Lalitgiri in Cuttack district.

The image is   uninscribed and beneath the pedestal is the ancient stone pavement of the original shrine. This appears to be the site of an ancient Buddhist monastery the remains of which are still to be found. Currently This Statue is placed in a park named Buddha Park in Boudh Town Near Jogindra Villa Palace or Rajabati..

Ramanath Temple - Boudh Town - Odisha

Ramanath Temples Complex:

Ramanath Temples Complex
A group of three temples of Shiva at Boudh town called the Ramanath temples, dating back to the 9th century A.D. are reputed for their special feature. The decorative motifs and the art of three temples at Boudh are certainly superior to and older than the great lingaraj-Ananta –Vasudeva group. One particular feature of the Ramanath temple is worth particular attention. Their plan is quite different from any other temples.

 In plan these temples are eight-rayed stars and the argha-pattas of the lingas are also similar.These magnificent temples built of red sandstone and profusely carved are stated to have been constructed in mid-ninth century A.D. The temples with rich texture and curved surfaces are strikingly noteworthy. Each of these temples stands by itself on a raised platform and each consists of a cell and an attached portico. The minute recesses and angularities produce a charming effect of light and shade and confer an appearance of greater height from the continued cluster of vertical lines than they really possess. Archeological Survey of India has preserved this temple. Paschim Somnath Temple, Kapileswar Temple and Bhubaneswar Temple are the 3 temple in Ramnath Temple Complex.

Bhubaneswar Temple:
Bhubaneswar Temple
It is located in Ramnath temple complex at Malipada in Boudh town. The ground plan of the temple is star-shaped or stellate, formed by intersecting two squares at 450 of the eight angles. One in chamfered, serves as the frontal passage while other seven angles are ornamentally carried along the structure up to the visama. It is a living temple; the presiding deity is a Sivalinga upon a star shaped yonipitha made of black chlorite. Sivaratri, Sitalsasthi, Kartikapurnima, Gamha purnima etc are held here. This temple is assigned to Somavanshi rule and to the period 9th century AD.

The temple structure is of Rekha vimana of South Kosalan style. The exterior is decorated with architectural motifs like – khakharamundis, divine figures like Ganesa and Jaina Tirthankaras, semi-divine figures, nayikas in different moods, image of Linga puja, human figures both male and female; bharabahaka, decorative motifs like scroll work, beaded border, lattice pattern, padmaprosta motifs, mohanty design, vajramundi, animals, mithuna and maithuna etc. Loose sculpture like Nataraj, Ganesa, Brahma, Udyota Simha etc are found there too.

Paschima Somanatha Temple:
Paschima Somanath Temple
 Another shiva temple in Ramnath temple complex. The structure is Rekha temple, with stellate ground plan and elevation, is one of the best specimen of mature phase of South Kosalan architecture of the stellate order. What is significant in the temple is that the temple long with its pista and yonipitha is stellate in delineation, the only of its kind found in the whole of Eastern India. It is a living temple and the presiding deity is a Sivalinga over a stellate yonipitha made of chlorite stone. Sivaratri, Kartika Purnima, etc are observed here. This temple is assigned to Somavanshi rule and to the 9th century AD. The exterior wall of the temple is relieved with nayikas, tirthankara images, scroll work, khakharamundis and a number of divine and semi divine gods and goddesses.

Kapileswara Temple:
Kapileswar Temple
 One of 3 Shiva Temple in the Ramanath temple complex in Boudh town. The ground plan of the temple is star-shaped or stellate, formed by intersecting two squares at 450 of the eight angles; one in Chamfered serves as the frontal passage while other seven angles are ornamentally carried along the structure up to the visama. It is a living temple, the presiding deity is a Sivalinga within a star shaped yonipitha made of black chlorite.

Sivaratri, Sitalsasthi, Kartika Purnima, Gamha Purnima, etc are held here. Marriage, engagements etc too performed here. On the basis of architectural & sculptural embellishments, the temple can be assigned to the 9th century A.D and to Somavanshi rule. The exterior is decorated with architectural motifs like – pidhamundi with chaitya motifs, divine figures, semi–divine figures, nayikas in different moods, human figures both male and female; decorative motifs like – scroll work, beaded border, lattice pattern, padmaprosta motif, jagrata motifs etc and the mithuna & maithuna figures. Nataraj, Ganesa, Brahma, Udyotasimha etc sculptures are found in the temple. Temple structure is of Rekha vimana of South Kosalan style.

Ramanatha Temple: 

Ramanath Temple
The Ramanatha Temple complex is named after this temple’s name. It was abandoned after construction up to the jangha due to the demise of the chief. The temple was curious mixture of ancient Kalingan style and colonial style. The temple has intricate carvings of decorative motifs of unusual type, sharing tendency of modernity. There is a New Ramanatha Temple Made in year 1952.

Ramanatha Shiva Linga
Nabagraha Idols

Maa Bhairabi Temple - Puruna Katak - Boudh District - Odisha

Maa Bhairabi Temple:

Maa Bhairabi

Maa Bhairabi Temple, the presiding deity of boudh district, is situated in Puruna Katak, 30kms from boudh town. In the heart of ancient Utkal was the famous Tantra Pitha, which is situated at Puruna Katak in Boudh District, known as "Devi Bhairabi Pitha". Devi Bhairabi is the presiding deity of the Royal Dynasty. But much before the Bhariabi Pitha became famous as Isthadevi Pitha, the shrine of Goddess Bhairavi was famous in entire Utkala as a Tantrapitha.

Maa Bharabi Temple
 As per the Madalapanji- "Navischa Utkal Desa - Bhairabi Kshetra Muchyate". The famous shrine of Goddess Maa Bhairabi Siddha Tantra Pitha at Puruna Katak is almost closer to all devotees for Goddess of mercy. All nitis of Maa Bhairabi is strictly followed and observed as per the guidelines of Madala Pothi. In which form Goddess Bhairavi is worshiped here, it cannot be found anywhere in the process of nitis. So it is a different tantra pitha than others. From ancient ages Maa Bhairabi is worshipped at Puruna Katak under the dense bamboo and mango forest. 

Entrance Gate of Maa Bhairabi Temple
 She is the presiding deity or Istadevi of Boudh. It is an integrated place of Mantra, Yantra and Tantra. Who ever visits to this place once, he feels the eternal importance of Goddess Bhairavi. Many scholars, philosophers and tantrikas have attained the enlightement of divine power of Goddess Bhairavi. It is only 30 kms away from Boudh town, 42 kms from Phulbani and 199kms from Bhubaneswar. Maa Bhairavi is situated just on the N.H.224 of Khurda-Bolangir National HighWay. Sati committed suicide in the Yagyankunda as she couldnot tolerate the insult wordings spoken by her father Dakhya Prajapati against her husband Shiva. Shiva carried the half burnt dead body of Sati and moved here and there. Lord Vishnu applied Sudarshan Chakra to cut into pieces the body of Sati. 

Navi Mandal of Sati fell in the forest and flowed in the spring water. The Navi kamal settled on the foot of the mountain, in the Padma Narasingha thorny forest. Lord Shiva kept this Navi kamal of Devi Sati in his heart and started Tandaba Dance and at last, he was fully attracted and satisfied to this Padma Narasingha thorny forest and set up the Navi kamal in this Puruna Katak place, and proceeded to North. The different parts of Body of Sati fell in 108 places of India and these places are named by different names as Shakti Pithas. The Navi Kamal of Sati settled in Padma Narasingha thorny forest and named as Devi Bhairabi. During Dushhera Saradiya Puja, great festival was organised. 

Still now it is a great festival day for Maa Devi Bhairavi. When non-Brhamin Kshatriya Raja Mrutunjaya Bhanja was the ruler of Boudh, at that time steps were taken to keep Devi Bhairavi in a thatched house but it was a wonder that before completion of the cottage it was burnt by fire. Later on this proposal for construction of thatched house or cottage for Maa Devi Bhairavi was abandoned by King Mrutunjaya Bhanja. Again new priests (sevaka) for the Upasana of Maa Devi Bhairavi were engaged. Within few days they expired. Then none dared to come to worship. Ramakrushnadev became the King of Boudh and devoted himself for religious works. After him Raja Gangadhar Dev ascended the throne of Boudh. He excavated the new tank named Chandrapur Sagar and also many village tanks. The King of Boudh Chandrasekhar Dev placed order to Paramananda Mishra of Palasa village to go to Puruna Cuttack for the seva of Maa Devi Bhairavi and also alloted 27 villages as jagir. 

The priest Paramananada Purohit proceeded with his wife and two infant sons and at Puruna Katak third son was born. The eldest son Bhagaban Purohit was granted Rajingi village, middle Basudev Purohit, Puruna Katak and the youngest son Jagamohan Purohit the Salakata village. King Pitamber Dev engaged Pradyumna Dehuri for the worship of Maa Devi Bhairavi as an assistant Sevak of Paramananda Purohit . On special occasion of festivals, Purohit was engaged for worship of Maa Devi Bhairavi and Dehuri was engaged for daily Nitis and Sevas of Shakti Pitha of Maa Devi Bhairavi. During Saradiya Sodasa Puja and other festivals, purohit attained the seva puja. Till 1965 Devi Bhairavi was worshipped in a cottage. Then Sitaram Agarwal and Nandulal Agarwal constructed a new temple with the blessings of Maa Devi Bhairavi in 1969, alongwith other rooms for Bhoga kitchen and rest house for other Sevakas. During Saradiya Sodasa Parva Puja Boudh, King engaged 16 village heads called Gauntias to perform one each beginning from Aswina Krushna Mulastami. These Gauntias belongs to village (1) Puruna Cuttack (2) Salakata (3) Jiakata (4) Kamalpur (5) Ranji (6) Gurudi palli (7) Ratnapur (8) Saradhapur (9) Phulajhari (10) Balanda (11) Indrapur (12) Pitambarpur (13) Jajpur (14) Chamarpur (15) Bhabanipur (16) Chhatrapur / Udayapur. Still now the villagers of the 16 villages provide all puja materials for Maa Devi Bhairavi for Saradiya Sodasa Puja. In the shadow of bamboo and mango trees Devi Bhairavi temple is a nice and peaceful place for all devotees. Devotees dedicate animals for sacrifice during the main festival on Mahastami. Sahada tree is dezzled with vermillion (Sindura). The animals meant for sacrifice are kept here. Under the tall banyan tree Pithasena Devis are worshipped. They are gate keepers of Maa Devi Bhairavi i.e. Dwarapala, Khetrapala and Mahapala with sixtyfour yoginis. In the middle of these, Balipitheswari is seen. Animal sacrifice nitis are held here till now. After Darshana of Khetrapala and Dwarapala, one can enter into be temple of Maa Devi Bhairavi crossing five steps. Mahavir Sardula is standing in the main temple and lion faced, tiger faced gate keepers are found in the temple of Maa Devi Bhairavi. Inside the temple along Maa Devi Bhairavi following Devis are worshipped. They are - Maheswari, Khambeswari, Dakhinakali and Durgadevi with Chalanti Pratima and Bije Pratima. During Kartika Dipawali Amavasya i.e Diwali Maa is worshipped in the form of Shyamakali, during Magha Krushna Chaturdasi Maa is seen as Ugratara and during spring Chaitra month Sukla Astami to Dasami Maa Basantika puja is celebrated and the Goddess is worshipped as Bhubaneswari, Bagala and Dakhinakali in three days respectively. Maa Devi Bhairabi is seen as Kaumari during the month of Bhadrava Krushna Astami. It is the birth day puja of Maa Bhairavi. On Bhadrava Krushna Chaturdasi Maa Bhairavi is seen as Digambari, Kanyakumari, during Bhadrava Amavasya
or Saptapuri Amavasya Yogmaya Besa is seen during Bhadrab Sukla Ekadasi. It is also a nice picnic spot for its natural scenario and enchanting environment. So tourists and devotees from all over the state visit Maa Devi Bhairavi through out the year. The temple has beautiful entrance. Just opposite to the Bhairabi temple is the temple of Maheswar Mahadev. One Inspection Bunglow is in the nearby for staying.

How to Reach: 

From Boudh Town Take National Highway towards Bhubaneswar, after 30kms at Puruna Katak on Left Side you can see the entrance gate of Maa Bhairabi Temple.

Tuesday, December 2, 2014

Nayakpada Cave - Patali Shrikhetra - Boudh - Odisha

Nayakpada Cave:

Nayakpada Cave
 The Nayakpada Cave is located at a distance of  12 Km. from Boudh town, in the Boudh-Bhubaneswar road. Once upon a time this cave was asram of  sadhus.

Hanuman Statue on the entrance of step roads towards Nayakpada Cave
 The forest here is in rich of different types of flora and fauna. Here ,one can breathe the nature in its virgin state and truly delight in the grandeur of the flora and fauna.

Step Road Towards Nayakpada Cave
  This cave  was said to have been associated with mythology. It is said that the Hindu devotees hide the idols of the Lords Jagannath, Balabhadra and Subhadra  in these caves to save them from the Moghul attacks.

Ganesh Murti on the midway
 According to the Madala Panji and many other historical references, Lord Jagannath was kept hidden for nearly 144 years inside this cave, and so this is also popularly known as Patali Shrikhetra, with reference to the present abode of the deities at Shrikhetra or Puri.

Road Towards Cave
 As we climbed upwards following the tortuous pathways full of rich flora and fauna, we approached the cave. Inside it was the idol of a sage, who the priest there claimed as Rishyasringa.

Lord Krishna and Rukmini with Asta Sakhi

Before we reached the cave, we saw the idols of the Lords (Jagannath, Balabhadra and Subhadra) and a few more gods and goddesses on the way. 

Lord Jagannath, Balabhadra and Sister Subhadra
 Inside the Caves you can see bats hanging all arround. Concrete Step Roads Made to the Caves. In the entrance to the step road, a beautiful hanuman statue made.

Bats are Handing in cave
 In top of hill, a small ashram is present, where a sadhu living.

Patali Shrikhetra Cave (Inside this cave Lord Jaganath Hide for 144 years)

Maa Durga Idol , Near the Ashram
How to Reach:
Take National Highway from Boudh to Bhubaneswar, after crossing 12kms in right side you can see a paved road goes towards nayakpada cave. A signboard also present on the road, as mentioned "Road Towards Patali Shrikhetra". From That point to Nayakpada cave is 3kms.